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Causes of Receding Gums

dentist explaining the causes of receding gums

Gum recession occurs when the gum tissue surrounding the teeth starts to wear down or pull back, exposing the roots. As the recession progresses, small pockets start to form between the gum line and the teeth. Among the many causes of receding gums, the most common is neglect.

A person who does not properly brush their teeth, floss, or visit the dentist at least once a year may experience a receding gum line. The receding area is vulnerable to bacteria buildup, leading to gum disease, tooth decay, or other conditions. If you don’t address the problem, you may lose your teeth. Let’s look below at some of the leading causes of receding gums and how Lovett Dental can help you.

What Are the Leading Causes of Receding Gums?

Several factors can cause your gums to recede, including, but not limited to, the following factors.

Periodontal Disease

Periodontitis, or periodontal disease, or gum disease occurs as a result of severe gum infection. The condition slowly damages the soft tissue and bone tissue that provide support for the teeth. If left untreated, Periodontal disease can cause you to lose teeth. While periodontal disease is severe, it is also preventable and treatable.


If you are susceptible to gum disease or similar conditions, it may be that your parents or other people in your family are susceptible. Genes play a significant role in how your teeth respond to food, plaque, and bacteria. Chances are, if your parents had receding gum lines, you might also get them as well.

Hard Tooth Brushing

You may be too hard on your teeth without realizing it. If you are pressing too hard on the gums, the bristles can wear down the gum line. You may want to choose softer bristles and ease up on the gums when brushing your teeth. If you have a quality toothbrush, you will not have to press down hard on your teeth to get them clean.


The number one reason why people have oral problems is due to neglecting their teeth. It is vital that you brush your teeth twice a day, use floss, and rinse with a fluoride-based mouthwash. You should also visit your dentist every six months for an oral exam, teeth cleaning, and even a professional whitening. It will make a difference in how your teeth look, feel, and function.

Changes in Hormones

Fluctuations in hormones in females can cause a variety of health problems over the years. During key times such as puberty, menopause, or pregnancy, hormonal changes can make your gums more sensitive and vulnerable to conditions such as gum recession. Speak with your dentist about what you can do during these times to keep your teeth and gums in excellent shape.

Using Tobacco

When most people think about tobacco, they often reference problems that it causes to the lungs. However, tobacco products such as cigarettes, cigars, or chewing tobacco can also have a devastating effect on the gums over time. Sticky plaque from cigarettes can be difficult to remove. The buildup can lead to gum recession.

Grinding or Clenching Teeth

Like many other habits, people often do not realize when they are clenching or grinding their teeth. This often occurs as a result of stress or anxiety. It’s what people often refer to as a ‘nervous tick.’ Constant grinding or clenching can damage your teeth, gums, roots, and even your jawbone if the problem is severe.

Learn More About the Causes of Receding Gums Today

If you would like to learn more about the causes of receding gums, then contact Lovett Dental. If you notice recession along your gum line, call Lovett Dental at 832-804-7427 and schedule an oral exam at one of our many locations throughout Texas.